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(Delichon urbicum) - Europe and Asia
Lifecycle: House Martins are known for their migratory behavior, flying from their breeding grounds in Europe to wintering areas in sub-Saharan Africa. They build cup-shaped nests made of mud on the sides of buildings and structures.
Behavior: They are skilled aerial foragers, catching flying insects in mid-air. They are often seen in flight, performing aerial displays and catching prey on the wing.
Vocalizations: House Martins produce a soft twittering call, which they use for communication and during their nesting activities.
Diet: House Martins are insectivorous birds, primarily feeding on a variety of flying insects, including flies, mosquitoes, and other small flying prey.
Feeding Behavior: They are agile aerial foragers and catch insects in flight. They are often seen swooping and darting through the air to catch their prey.
The House Martin is a small migratory bird species native to Europe and parts of Asia and North Africa. It is known for its aerial acrobatics and its habit of nesting on buildings and structures.
Size: House Martins are small birds, typically measuring about 12 to 13 cm (4.7 to 5.1 inches) in length.
Appearance: They have predominantly blue-black plumage on their upperparts, contrasting with white underparts. They have distinctive white rumps, and their wings are pointed, allowing them to be agile flyers.
House Martins are commonly found in a range of habitats, including open areas, farmlands, and urban areas. They are often associated with buildings and structures, where they build their nests.
Nests: They construct nests on the sides of buildings, under eaves, or on cliffs. These nests are made of mud and are used for breeding and raising their young.
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