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(Anas platyrhynchos) - Worldwide
Lifecycle: Mallards breed in a variety of wetland habitats, building nests on the ground near water. They are known for their courtship displays and the distinctive "quacking" calls of females.
Behavior: They are dabbling ducks, which means they feed primarily on the water's surface or tip forward to feed on aquatic vegetation. They are strong fliers and are known for their rapid takeoff.
Vocalizations: Mallards produce a range of vocalizations, with males often making softer sounds, and females known for their loud quacking calls.
Diet: Mallards are omnivorous, feeding on a variety of foods, including aquatic plants, small invertebrates, insects, and aquatic vegetation. They also consume grains and bread when available.
Feeding Behavior: They forage by tipping forward in the water to feed on underwater vegetation and small aquatic prey. They are opportunistic feeders and will eat a variety of foods they encounter.
The Mallard is one of the most widely recognized and abundant duck species found throughout North America and other parts of the world. It is known for its distinctive appearance, adaptability, and the familiar quacking sound often associated with ducks.
Size: Mallards are medium-sized ducks, typically measuring about 50 to 65 cm (20 to 26 inches) in length, with a wingspan of approximately 81 to 98 cm (32 to 39 inches).
Appearance: Male Mallards (drakes) have striking iridescent green heads, white neck rings, and chestnut-brown chests. They have gray bodies, a blue patch on their wings, and a yellow bill. Female Mallards (hens) are mottled brown with orange bills and are less colorful.
Mallards are highly adaptable and can be found in a wide range of habitats, including lakes, ponds, rivers, marshes, and urban areas. They are often seen in parks and golf courses.
Nests: They build nests in concealed locations near water, using grass, reeds, and down feathers.
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