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Horse Fly

(Genus Tabanus)

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Lifecycle: Horse flies undergo complete metamorphosis, which includes egg, larval, pupal, and adult stages. The larvae develop in aquatic or semi-aquatic environments, such as in mud or wet soil.
Feeding: Female horse flies are known for their painful bites, which they use to obtain blood for nourishment. Males, on the other hand, primarily feed on nectar from flowers and other sugary substances.
Reproduction: Female horse flies typically lay their eggs near or in water, where the larvae hatch and develop. The adult females require blood for egg development, and they are equipped with specialized mouthparts designed to lacerate the skin of their hosts.


Horse flies are large, blood-feeding flies known for their painful bites. They are common in various parts of the world and are notorious for their annoyance to humans and livestock.


Size: Horse flies are relatively large, with some species measuring up to 25 mm (1 inch) in length.
Appearance: They are typically stout, with large, prominent eyes and strong mouthparts. Their body colors and markings can vary between species, but many have dark, robust bodies and patterned wings.


Horse flies are found in various habitats, including forests, wetlands, and open grassy areas.
They are most active during the warmer months and are commonly encountered in rural and wild areas, particularly near water sources where their larvae develop.


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